The 308 Winchester rifle has a history even in the American society. Do you want a cartridge well suited for hunting big game like deer, elk, or bears? That being said, the advent of better quality bullets has made the .223 Remington a much more effective big game hunting than it used to be. Then its time you learnt … The .223 Remington shoots small diameter, lightweight bullets at a very high velocity. Are you looking for a cartridge to hunt predators and small game animals with? Cast your mind back to the days Clint Eastwood’s movies, the days of American short action movies, this rifle was used to enhance these trends. The 308 is actually the commercial designation of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. Took a bull one year and a calf the following. Really helped me make up my mind…I need both. Few topics seem to be as hotly contested as the 223 vs 308 debate. Heck, the .308 Winchester is so much larger that it can almost fit an entire .223 Remington cartridge inside its case. Additionally, the heavier bullets with a higher ballistic coefficient used by the .308 Winchester retain more energy and velocity than the lightweight .223 bullets. On the other hand, since it shoots heavier, larger diameter, and generally much better constructed bullets, the .308 Winchester has a clear advantage when hunting larger species like deer, caribou, elk, and red stag. When fired from the exact same rifle, the .223 Remington has less than 1/5 the recoil of the .308 Winchester. This load penetrated much better than the M193 load, but complaints about the terminal performance of the bullet from Soldiers eventually spurred the development of another ball load (the M855A1) during the Global War on Terror. the 264 win mag actually has more energy that the 308. Both cartridges are also extremely accurate and have seen extensive use in the hands of military and police snipers and designated marksmen as well as competition shooters. Truth be told, the .223 Remington is still just a borderline big game hunting round (at best) and can’t hold a candle to the .308 Winchester in that regard. However, lightly constructed bullets designed for varmint hunting (like the Hornady V-Max, Nosler Varmageddon, and Winchester Varmint X) are most common with the .223 Remington. As you can see, the table below comparing the 55gr Winchester Varmint X (.255 BC), 62gr Barnes TSX BT (.314 BC), and 64gr Winchester Deer Season XP (.282 BC) loads in .223 Remington to 150gr Winchester Deer Season XP (.392 BC), 168gr Barnes TTSX (.470 BC), and 180gr Winchester Power Point (.382 BC) loads in .308 Winchester, there is a pretty sizable difference in the ballistics and kinetic energy of each cartridge. During that timeframe, Winchester noticed serious commercial potential with the 7.62x51mm cartridge and rolled out the extremely similar .308 Winchester cartridge for the civilian hunting and shooting markets. That’s really saying something too because the .308 Winchester has a relatively mild recoil itself. The 264 winmag is just a little behind the 7mm remmag. All things considered, it’s an excellent all-around cartridge for big game hunting in New Zealand, Africa, or North America. For a more detailed discussion on the differences between the .223 Remington and 5.56x45mm NATO cartridges, read this article: Second, some of the links below are affiliate links. As such, the following is for comparative information purposes only and should not be used to make precise predictions of the trajectory, performance, or true ballistics of any particular .22-250 Remington or .308 Winchester rounds for hunting, target shooting, plinking, or any other usage. Released by Winchester in 1952 (and adopted by NATO in 1954 as the 7.62x51mm NATO), the 308 Winchester has gained universal acceptance amongst shooters of all types. Battle of the Black Bear Cartridges: .308 Win. Generally speaking, the higher the muzzle energy, the higher the stopping power. We offer a 100% Authenticity Guarantee on all products sold on our website. Combined with the fact that the .308 Winchester uses a much longer case, it has significantly more case capacity than the .223 Remington. .300 Blackout vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know. If your shoulder will take it, the 30-06 will do slightly better than a 308 at 1000 yards. .22LR vs .22 Magnum, vs .22 Hornet, vs .223 Remington The M855A1 load uses a lead free 62 grain bullet made from copper alloy with a steel penetrator. Indeed, that dispute spans over five decades and really took off during the mid-1960s when the US Military started replacing the M-14 with the M-16 service rifle. FWIW there was a rimmed version of .308 win called the .307 win (they also did a rimmed version of .358 win called the .356 win). 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