Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a leaf size of 2-2.5 inches in length and width. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. They are also a popular habitat for various forms of local wildlife. Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. monifilera in the central US and Canada which is found in Minnesota and has leaves with a longer taper to the tip, usually 2 glands on a leaf, and usually hairy winter buds. Leaves are a vibrant shiny green, turning yellow in the autumn. Plains Cottonwood Facts. Thanks for your understanding. eastern cottonwood, plains cottonwood, common cottonwood, alamo, carolina poplar, necklace poplar Family. Insects and diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Buds are large, round and conical with a sharp point, the terminal bud up to ¾ inch, reddish or yellowish brown and shiny from a sticky, non-aromatic resinous coating. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. Great Plains cottonwood (P. sargentii), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. The ‘Highland’ cottonwood is a much smaller version of Populus sargentii. One of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees is the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every June. Landscape Attributes. Tree 5–20 m with ascending branches. Also, the edge (margin) of the latter is deeply notched (crenelated), while that of the angustifolia is less so, and the balsamifera's is smooth. It is used for rough construction lumber, temporary fence posts, corral poles, fuel, veneer, boxes, plywood, excelsior, and wood pulp (Taylor, 2001) . Colorado's major tree species include bristlecone pine, Colorado blue spruce, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, limber pine, lodgepole pine, narrowleaf cottonwood, quaking aspen, piñon pine, plains cottonwood, ponderosa pine, Rocky Mountain juniper, subalpine fir and white fir. Smooth, grayish bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages. P. deltoid) cottonwood is the Wyoming State Tree. Ponderosa Pine - … Large beautiful plains cottonwood trees in park immediately to east of grain elevator on highway 28. Capsules 3–6 mm long (Lesica 2012. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Eckenw. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. U.S. Weed Information; Populus deltoides . Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. P. sargentii) has somewhat narrower leaves, 5–10 cm wide at the base. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. eastern cottonwood. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … The large heart-shaped leaves turn yellow in fall. Its life span can reach over 100 years. Male hybrid selections such as Siouxland, as well as others, avoid the seeds and are frequently planted as field windbreaks and farm shelterbelts. Average lifespan of 50-70 years, although they do sometimes live more than 100 years. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. It is a Fremont cottonwood. May have 2 or 3 glands near base of leaf at top of flat petiole which is 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. Rich green, wide, triangular- shaped leaves turn … Buds are large, round and conical with a sharp point, the terminal bud up to ¾ inch, reddish or yellowish brown and shiny from a sticky, non-aromatic resinous coating. common cottonwood. Male catkins are 2 to 4½ inches long with tiers of red stamens. Plains Cottonwood - Populus deltoides. Not only are plains cottonwoods known for rapid growth, but they are also known for their distinctive leaf shape, size and sound. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Further west (Minnesota south to eastern Texas), the subspecies P. d. monilifera (plains cottonwood; syn. As it ages, the bark becomes rough. monilifera (Ait.) SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus angustifolia FAMILY: Salicaceae This tree in Colorado Narrowleaf cottonwood is large shade tree native to the high plains and higher elevations (up to 10,000′) of the Colorado and other Rocky Mountain states. This is also the state tree of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Kansas. The plains cottonwood is the western subspecies of the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Yes. The bark is smooth and white when the tree is young. with flat base, pointed tip. Pick an image for a larger view. P. deltoides var. occidentalis). Attempts to utilize these hybrids in intensive biomass plantations, both here a abroad, have been hindered with issues like Cottonwood leaf beetle outbreaks and bacterial canker diseases. occidentalis Rydb.] In the southern parts of the Prairie provinces; south to TexasNaturalized along many streams and rivers outside its natural rangeIn Ontario, plains cottonwood intergrades with eastern cottonwood. Plains cottonwood ranges from Alberta east to Quebec and south to Rocky Mountain foothills, the Great Plains, Pennsylvania, the Texas panhandle, and New Mexico [ 55, 88, 147, 173, 194 ]. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Eastern cottonwood Foliage Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Malpighiales Family: Salicaceae Genus: Populus Section: Populus sect. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. glands where leaf … Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. 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